Major Depression: What You Need to Know

Major depression, also known as clinical depression, is a common and serious medical illness that negatively affects how you feel, the way you think, and how you act.

Symptoms of Major Depression:

  • Persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and/or emptiness
  • Loss of interest or pleasure in activities once enjoyed
  • Significant weight loss or gain
  • Insomnia or excessive sleeping
  • Fatigue or lack of energy
  • Feelings of worthlessness or guilt
  • Difficulty concentrating or making decisions
  • Thoughts of death or suicide

Causes of Major Depression: The exact cause of depression is not fully understood, but it is thought to be a combination of genetic, biological, environmental, and psychological factors.

Diagnosis of Major Depression: A mental health professional can diagnose depression after conducting a thorough evaluation and considering the symptoms and duration.

Treatment of Major Depression: Effective treatment for depression involves a combination of medication, psychotherapy, and lifestyle changes. Antidepressant medication can help balance the chemicals in the brain that regulate mood. Psychotherapy, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), can help you learn coping skills and change negative thought patterns. Lifestyle changes, such as regular exercise and a healthy diet, can also improve mood.

Living with Major Depression: Living with depression can be challenging, but with the right treatment and support, people with depression can lead fulfilling lives. It’s important to reach out for help if you or someone you know is struggling with depression.

Important Note: If you or someone you know is having suicidal thoughts, it is crucial to seek immediate help. Dial 911 or go to the nearest emergency room.

National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI) Helpline: 1-800-950-NAMI (6264)

Remember, you are not alone. With the right treatment, you can get better and live a happy and fulfilling life.


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